Where Did Transport Get Intelligence?

Where Did Transport Get Intelligence?

12 October 2018 5032

Transportation systems that are widespread today cannot do without human participation in management. Own “brains” of cars, airplanes and even trains are not yet sufficiently developed to trust them by one hundred percent. Nevertheless, automatic control systems are one of the main trends in the transport sector, which was confirmed by the exhibition InnoTrans held recently. Many digital solutions for traditional transport were presented there.

SkyWay project did not stay on the sidelines from the trend towards automation either: initially, the possibility to control traffic based on the readings from sensors using artificial intelligence was designed in SkyWay transport systems. There is a significant feature in SkyWay’s intelligent control system that distinguishes it from competitors: it combines a large intellectual complex that will not only control the movement of transport modules, but also collect the required data on the technical condition of units, interact with the passenger and perform a number of other functions that are most often assigned to people in traditional transport.

 

Eyes and ears

 

Like a person, a vehicle needs information about the situation around it to take decisions. In SkyWay transport modules, the collection of such data will be handled by special sensors and detectors of several types. Information from them is collected continuously and sent to the control center, where routing tasks are compiled and adjusted. Moreover, the transport module is able to take particular decisions independently; only the most general instructions come from the central control point – specifying where and at what time it should be.

To control the traffic, the rolling stock is equipped with a combination of cameras and radars, which allow to determine more than 90 different types of objects, as well as the parameters of their movement – speed and distance to an object. The combination of ”radar + camera” was chosen by SkyWay engineers intentionally – this set allows to recognize obstacles under challenging weather conditions and at the same time does not require such large expenses as the lidar (light detection and ranging).

The principle of operation of this complex is easiest to explain with a specific example: for example, a drone is approaching a moving unibus. Its image, as well as data on speed and position in space are transmitted to the on-board computer. According to the data from the camera, the machine vision algorithm determines that this is exactly a drone, and the data from the radar allow to calculate the speed with which the unibus needs to move to avoid a collision. The control system instantly makes conclusions and transmits data “to the wheels” – it forms and sends commands for specific machine units. After the on-board system has solved the problem, the data on the speed and position of the module are sent to the control center and the adjusted routing task comes back.

Changes in the route that are needed for traffic safety and accurate follow-up of the schedule can also be made on the basis of readings from sensors fixed on the infrastructure. The data from the cameras and sensors go directly to the control center, and from there, already converted into routing task adjustments, to all modules that move along difficult track parts. Special attention is paid to potentially dangerous areas, as well as to stations – additional cameras and more accurate sensors will be located there.

To determine the position of the rolling stock on the track structure, several methods are used at once – radio-frequency identification tags, GPS and magnetic sensors. The latter are used if increased positioning accuracy is needed – for example, when stopping at a station.

By the way, the technologies described above have already passed “combat debut” at EcoFest – manual adjustments to the computer were not needed for the entire day of operation in the automatic mode.

 

No visit to the depot

 

Sensors in SkyWay rolling stock are responsible not only for its movement – they also perform work that falls on the shoulders of depot employees in traditional transport. Various sensors of temperature, rpm, wear and other parameters collect information on the technical state of modules, send it to the control center, where the computer, referring to the norms specified by the manufacturer, decides whether it is necessary to send vehicles for maintenance or to allow their further operation.

A lot of diverse sensors and detectors are installed both in vehicles and at infrastructure facilities – for example, cabin temperature sensors, battery performance indicators, sensors on door opening, turn-outs positions, etc. The data that comes from them is processed directly by the on-board computer and are used to take specific control decisions: for example, when the battery overheats, the vehicle decides itself whether it needs to stop immediately, just slow down or it can continue running to the next station.

Data in a revised form get from the vehicle to the control center, where a special system collects the necessary statistics and decides on its basis what maintenance is needed for a specific module. It compiles a maintenance worksheet and lays down maintenance in the schedule.

All sensors, vehicle units and computers are in constant cyclic communication – changes in sensor readings affect the transport operation and the changes in the transport operation are reflected in sensor readings in their turn. All this is recorded by the computer, analyzed and affects the adjustment of routing tasks and maintenance plan. Due to this, the entire system is under constant automated control.

Several more large-scale elements of SkyWay transport information system are in the process of development they are related to the business component of the projects operation, interaction between the transport and the user and other aspects. The information service will report on them as soon as this information becomes open.

Artsiom Sapryka

Consent Request Form

This form asks for your consent to allow us to use your personal data for the reasons stated below. You should only sign it if you want to give us your consent.


Who are we?

The name of the organisation asking you for consent to use your information is:

Global Transport Investments
Trident Chambers, P.O. Box 146, Road Town
Tortola
British Virgin Islands

We would like to use the following information about you:

Why would we like to use your information?

Global Transport Investments would like to send this information to company registry, inform you about its news, for refund purposes.


What will we do with your information?

We store your name, address, ID Data, date of birth into company registry. We will share your e-mail & phone number with IT Service (https://digitalcontact.com/), SMS Center (http://smsc.ru). They will add your details to their mailing list and, when it is news update, they will send you an email or sms with details. We store your credit card number for possible refunds.


How to withdraw your consent

You can withdraw the consent you are giving on this form at any time. You can do this by writing to us at the above address, emailing us at the address: [email protected] or by clicking on the unsubscribe link at the bottom of emails you receive.

Privacy Notice – Newsletter Signup

This privacy notice tells you about the information we collect from you when you sign up to receive our regular newsletter via our website. In collecting this information, we are acting as a data controller and, by law, we are required to provide you with information about us, about why and how we use your data, and about the rights you have over your data.


Who are we?

We are Global Transport Investments. Our address is Trident Chambers, P.O. Box 146, Road Town, Tortola, British Virgin Islands. You can contact us by post at the above address, by email at [email protected]

We are not required to have a data protection officer, so any enquiries about our use of your personal data should be addressed to the contact details above.

What personal data do we collect?

When you subscribe to our newsletter, we ask you for your name and your email address.

Why do we collect this information?

We will use your information to send you our newsletter, which contains information about our products.

We ask for your consent to do this, and we will only send you our newsletter for as long as you continue to consent.


What will we do with your information?

Your information is stored in our database and is shared with with IT Service (https://digitalcontact.com/), SMS Center (http://smsc.ru). It is not sent outside of the Euro. We will not use the information to make any automated decisions that might affect you.


How long do we keep your information for?

Your information is kept for as long as you continue to consent to receive our newsletter.


Your rights over your information

By law, you can ask us what information we hold about you, and you can ask us to correct it if it is inaccurate.
You can also ask for it to be erased and you can ask for us to give you a copy of the information.

You can also ask us to stop using your information – the simplest way to do this is to withdraw your consent, which you can do at any time, either by clicking the unsubscribe link at the end of any newsletter, or by emailing, writing us using the contact details above.


Your right to complain

If you have a complaint about our use of your information, you can contact the Information Commissioner’s Office.