How to stop the transport pollution of land?

How to stop the transport pollution of land?

20 Junе 2024

In the modern world, transport infrastructure is one of the most important factors in the development of the state. It stimulates the economy, increases trade turnover and the well-being of citizens. But with the growing number of roads and railways, there is less and less room for nature, the earth is drying up, vegetation is dying out. How to improve the condition of the soil and at the same time not lose the pace of development? Today, there are many solutions to this problem: from switching to new, safer fuels to building elevated transportation routes, as is being done by the Belarusian company UST Inc. 

uCar in the EcoTechnoPark (Maryina Gorka, Belarus)

Land transport is the main threat to the environment

The soil is negatively affected by any traditional transport: aviation, railway, automobile. The combustion products of aviation fuel and the high oxygen consumption of aircraft engines during takeoff and landing reduce the biological activity of the soil. This leads to its mineralization and a decrease in fertility.

Photo: freepik

Rail transport poses an even greater threat. The ground around the tracks is saturated with heavy metals. Their source is the combustion products of diesel locomotives, the remnants of dangerous substances transported by rail, such as fertilizers, petroleum products, and various dangerous chemicals. When the train crashes, part of the dangerous cargo falls to the ground, causing severe damage to the soil.

Passenger cars are also a serious source of pollution. Every year, hundreds of cubic meters of wastewater with pathogenic microorganisms are poured onto the tracks and tons of garbage are thrown out.

Laying rails requires significant land acquisition, as well as the treatment of the area around the track with pesticides. This is done annually and causes serious damage to the soil cover.

Road transport is the leader in terms of the degree of danger to the environment and the soil in particular. It is estimated that, for example, in Moscow, cars account for 93.45% of all harmful emissions, while for Minsk the figure is 85%.

Photo: freepik.

It is not without reason that highways are considered to be objects of environmental danger. Lead and sulfur particles emitted by vehicles in large quantities accumulate in the upper layer of the soil, killing all living things. For example, not a single tree species takes root near the Moscow Ring Road – they all die due to toxic soil. It turns out that in order to preserve the ecosystem, you need to abandon transport links, but this is not possible. But what if we move all transportation to a higher level – above the ground?

Advantages of abandoning ground transportation 

The construction of highways often involves the significant land acquisition. On average, up to 10 hectares of land are needed to build 1 km of highway. It is not difficult to calculate that in such a large country as Russia, the area of land alienated for roads is estimated at tens of millions of hectares.

Transport and infrastructure complex uLite.

The track structure of the uLite complex, built using uST technology in the Aquarelle Ecopark, requires minimal expropriation of land. The track is propped up on supports arranged in increments of 250 m. A foundation with an area of no more than 2 m2 is poured under each of the two pillars of the support.

The construction of roads can lead to landslides, soil subsidence, and the formation of gullies and ravines. Over time, embankments of railways and highways can alter the natural surroundings near which they are located. For example, these structures can delay air masses, leading to frost, and contribute to the waterlogging of an area.

Pollution from vehicles harmful emissions persists for many years after a road has ceased to be used or has been eliminated. This can be a difficult legacy for future generations, and one of the most effective ways to prevent this is by abandoning land transport in favor of technologies that don’t take fertile land out of circulation and don’t poison nature.

Rising to a higher level

There are many transport solutions that provide for aboveground routes, such as a monorail or a cable car. In some cases, they can effectively complement the urban transport system, but they will not become a full-fledged replacement for land transportation, especially when it comes to cargo delivery. In addition, the monorail design provides for the construction of massive concrete supports for the track structure, which require significant land acquisition. In turn, the cable car does not have a high carrying capacity and durability.

Transport and infrastructure complex uLite

The transport and infrastructure complex developed by Unitsky String Technologies Inc. offers great opportunities. This can be seen on the territory of the Belarusian EcoTechnoPark, built on the site of the former tank range in Maryina Gorka. This facility is different from all existing transportation testing centers. The local landscape is more like a nature reserve – it has forests, meadows and lakes where visitors can go fishing. Here, right in the middle of the trees, berry and vegetable plantations of the local farm, uST transport and infrastructure complexes, which can carry up to 50,000 passengers per rush hour or up to 100 million tons of cargo per year, are being tested.

Transportation in harmony with nature

uST complex's track runs above ground, and its rolling stock – electric rail vehicles (uPods) – does not produce any harmful emissions. The uPods are powered by electricity and assembled using environmentally friendly materials. It is easy to see this if you look at the track itself, under which fruit trees grow. All this is happening on the territory where army maneuvers involving tanks have previously taken place. Apart from sand, diesel fuel and gunpowder, there was nothing. Nature was practically destroyed here: for kilometers around there was dead soil on which nothing grew.

uCar in the EcoTechnoPark (Maryina Gorka, Belarus)

In the EcoTechnoPark, tests of new configurations of cargo and passenger uPods are harmoniously combined with the development of green technologies. Here, 105 different types of soil are collected from various countries around the world, including the Czech Republic, Australia, and Ireland. On their basis, a universal fertile soil is being developed.

Thanks to this, the company is able not only to build complexes, but also to restore the ecosystem that was damaged by the previous transport infrastructure. Thus, uST complexes can become an environmentally friendly transport solution because their routes do not interfere with organic farming and create a minimal load on the biosphere.



Consent Request Form

This form asks for your consent to allow us to use your personal data for the reasons stated below. You should only sign it if you want to give us your consent.

Who are we?

The name of the organisation asking you for consent to use your information is:

Global Transport Investments
Trident Chambers, P.O. Box 146, Road Town
British Virgin Islands

We would like to use the following information about you:

Why would we like to use your information?

Global Transport Investments would like to send this information to company registry, inform you about its news, for refund purposes.

What will we do with your information?

We store your name, address, ID Data, date of birth into company registry. We will share your e-mail & phone number with IT Service (, SMS Center ( They will add your details to their mailing list and, when it is news update, they will send you an email or sms with details. We store your credit card number for possible refunds.

How to withdraw your consent

You can withdraw the consent you are giving on this form at any time. You can do this by writing to us at the above address, emailing us at the address: [email protected] or by clicking on the unsubscribe link at the bottom of emails you receive.

Privacy Notice – Newsletter Signup

This privacy notice tells you about the information we collect from you when you sign up to receive our regular newsletter via our website. In collecting this information, we are acting as a data controller and, by law, we are required to provide you with information about us, about why and how we use your data, and about the rights you have over your data.

Who are we?

We are Global Transport Investments. Our address is Trident Chambers, P.O. Box 146, Road Town, Tortola, British Virgin Islands. You can contact us by post at the above address, by email at [email protected].

We are not required to have a data protection officer, so any enquiries about our use of your personal data should be addressed to the contact details above.

What personal data do we collect?

When you subscribe to our newsletter, we ask you for your name and your email address.

Why do we collect this information?

We will use your information to send you our newsletter, which contains information about our products.

We ask for your consent to do this, and we will only send you our newsletter for as long as you continue to consent.

What will we do with your information?

Your information is stored in our database and is shared with with IT Service (, SMS Center ( It is not sent outside of the Euro. We will not use the information to make any automated decisions that might affect you.

How long do we keep your information for?

Your information is kept for as long as you continue to consent to receive our newsletter.

Your rights over your information

By law, you can ask us what information we hold about you, and you can ask us to correct it if it is inaccurate.
You can also ask for it to be erased and you can ask for us to give you a copy of the information.

You can also ask us to stop using your information – the simplest way to do this is to withdraw your consent, which you can do at any time, either by clicking the unsubscribe link at the end of any newsletter, or by emailing, writing us using the contact details above.

Your right to complain

If you have a complaint about our use of your information, you can contact the Information Commissioner’s Office.